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​​ Background

Routes allow users to map a URL pattern to a Worker script to enable Workers to run in front of Custom Domains or their own external application servers. Customers must manually create DNS records and certificates for Routes to invoke over HTTP(S).

​​ Customize your routes

For zones proxied on Cloudflare, route patterns decide what (if any) script is matched based on the URL of that request. Requests are routed through a Workers script when the URL matches a route pattern assigned to that script. To add a Route, you must have:

  1. An active Cloudflare zone.
  2. A valid proxied (orange-clouded) DNS record.
  3. A Worker to invoke.
  4. A certificate covering the relevant DNS record.

Route patterns can be added with the Cloudflare API or in Account Home > Workers > your Worker > Triggers > Add route in the Cloudflare dashboard.

Cloudflare Site routes are comprised of:

The Routes REST API documentation can be found in the Workers API docs.

If your route is configured to a hostname, you will need to add a DNS record to Cloudflare to ensure that the hostname can be resolved externally. If your Worker acts as your origin (that is, the request terminates in a Worker), you must add a DNS record.

​​ Routes with *

Cloudflare Workers accounts come with a * subdomain that is configurable in the Cloudflare dashboard. Your * subdomain allows you to deploy Workers without attaching your domain as a Cloudflare zone.

To claim a * subdomain, such as <YOUR_SUBDOMAIN>, go to Account Home > Workers > Your subdomain. The name field in your Worker configuration is used as the preview subdomain for the deployed script, (for example, my-worker.<YOUR_SUBDOMAIN>

​​ Matching Behavior

Route patterns look like this:


This pattern would match all HTTPS requests destined for a subhost of and whose paths are prefixed by /images/.

A pattern to match all requests looks like this:


While they look similar to a regex pattern, route patterns follow specific rules:

  • The only supported operator is the wildcard (*), which matches zero or more of any character.

  • Route patterns may not contain infix wildcards or query parameters. For example, neither*.jpg nor* are valid route patterns.

  • When more than one route pattern could match a request URL, the most specific route pattern wins. For example, the pattern* would take precedence over ** when matching a request for The pattern* would take precedence over* when matching a request for

  • Route pattern matching considers the entire request URL, including the query parameter string. Since route patterns may not contain query parameters, the only way to have a route pattern match URLs with query parameters is to terminate it with a wildcard, *.

  • Route patterns are case sensitive, for example,* and* are two distinct routes.

A route can be specified without being associated with a Worker. This will act to negate any less specific patterns. For example, consider this pair of route patterns, one with a Workers script and one without:

* -> <no script>
** -> worker-script

In this example, all requests destined for and whose paths are prefixed by /images/ would be routed to worker-script, except for /images/cat.png, which would bypass Workers completely. Requests with a path of /images/cat.png?foo=bar would be routed to worker-script, due to the presence of the query string.

​​ Configure your wrangler.toml

To configure a route in your wrangler.toml, add the following to your environment:

routes = [
{ pattern = "", zone_id = "<YOUR_ZONE_ID>" }

If you have specified your zone ID in the environment of your wrangler.toml, you will not need to write it again in object form.

​​ Validity

The following set of rules govern route pattern validity.

​​ Route patterns must include your zone

If your zone is, then the simplest possible route pattern you can have is, which would match and, and nothing else. As with a URL, there is an implied path of / if you do not specify one.

​​ Route patterns may not contain any query parameters

For example, is not a valid route pattern.

​​ Route patterns may optionally begin with http:// or https://

If you omit a scheme in your route pattern, it will match both http:// and https:// URLs. If you include http:// or https://, it will only match HTTP or HTTPS requests, respectively.

  • https://* matches but not

  • * matches both and

​​ Hostnames may optionally begin with *

If a route pattern hostname begins with *, then it matches the host and all subhosts. If a route pattern hostname begins with *., then it only matches all subhosts.

  • * matches and

  • * matches but not

​​ Paths may optionally end with *

If a route pattern path ends with *, then it matches all suffixes of that path.

  •* matches and and

​​ Subdomains must have a DNS Record

All subdomains must have a DNS record to be proxied on Cloudflare and used to invoke a Worker. For example, if you want to put a worker on, and you have added to Cloudflare but have not added any DNS records for, any request to will result in the error ERR_NAME_NOT_RESOLVED.