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Cloudflare Workers provides first-class support for Python, including support for:

​​ Get started

git clone
cd python-workers-examples/01-hello
npx wrangler@latest dev

A Python Worker can be as simple as three lines of code:

from js import Response
def on_fetch(request):
return"Hello World!")

Similar to Workers written in JavaScript, TypeScript, or Rust, the main entry point for a Python worker is the fetch handler. In a Python Worker, this handler is named on_fetch.

To run a Python Worker locally, you use Wrangler, the CLI for Cloudflare Workers:

npx wrangler@latest dev

To deploy a Python Worker to Cloudflare, run wrangler deploy:

npx wrangler@latest deploy

​​ Modules

Python workers can be split across multiple files. Let’s create a new Python file, called src/

def hello(name):
return "Hello, " + name + "!"

Now, we can modify src/ to make use of the new module.

from hello import hello
from js import Response
def on_fetch(request):

Once you edit src/, Wrangler will automatically detect the change and reload your Worker.

​​ The Request Interface

The request parameter passed to your fetch handler is a JavaScript Request object, exposed via the foreign function interface, allowing you to access it directly from your Python code.

Let’s try editing the worker to accept a POST request. We know from the documentation for Request that we can call await request.json() within an async function to parse the request body as JSON. In a Python Worker, you would write:

from js import Response
from hello import hello
async def on_fetch(request):
name = (await request.json()).name

Once you edit the src/, Wrangler should automatically restart the local development server. Now, if you send a POST request with the appropriate body, your Worker should respond with a personalized message.

$ curl --header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--request POST \
--data '{"name": "Python"}' http://localhost:8787
# Hello, Python!

​​ The env Parameter

In addition to the request parameter, the env parameter is also passed to the Python fetch handler and can be used to access environment variables, secrets,and bindings.

For example, let’s try setting and using an environment variable in a Python Worker. First, add the environment variable to your Worker’s wrangler.toml:

name = "hello-python-worker"
main = "src/"
compatibility_flags = ["python_workers"]
compatibility_date = "2024-03-20"

Then, you can access the API_HOST environment variable via the env parameter:

from js import Response
async def on_fetch(request, env):

​​ Further Reading