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​​ promisify/callbackify

The promisify and callbackify APIs in Node.js provide a means of bridging between a Promise-based programming model and a callback-based model.

The promisify method allows taking a Node.js-style callback function and converting it into a Promise-returning async function:

import { promisify } from 'node:util';
function foo(args, callback) {
try {
callback(null, 1);
} catch (err) {
// Errors are emitted to the callback via the first argument.
const promisifiedFoo = promisify(foo);
await promisifiedFoo(args);

Similarly to promisify, callbackify converts a Promise-returning async function into a Node.js-style callback function:

import { callbackify } from 'node:util';
async function foo(args) {
throw new Error('boom');
const callbackifiedFoo = callbackify(foo);
callbackifiedFoo(args, (err, value) => {
If (err) throw err;

callbackify and promisify make it easy to handle all of the the challenges that come with bridging between callbacks and promises.

Refer to the Node.js documentation for callbackify and Node.js documentation for promisify for more information.

​​ util.types

The util.types API provides a reliable and efficient way of checking that values are instances of various built-in types.

import { types } from 'node:util';
types.isAnyArrayBuffer(new ArrayBuffer()); // Returns true
types.isAnyArrayBuffer(new SharedArrayBuffer()); // Returns true
types.isArrayBufferView(new Int8Array()); // true
types.isArrayBufferView(Buffer.from('hello world')); // true
types.isArrayBufferView(new DataView(new ArrayBuffer(16))); // true
types.isArrayBufferView(new ArrayBuffer()); // false
function foo() {
types.isArgumentsObject(arguments); // Returns true
types.isAsyncFunction(function foo() {}); // Returns false
types.isAsyncFunction(async function foo() {}); // Returns true
// .. and so on

For more about util.types, refer to the Node.js documentation for util.types.

​​ util.MIMEType

util.MIMEType provides convenience methods that allow you to more easily work with and manipulate MIME types. For example:

import { MIMEType } from 'node:util';
const myMIME = new MIMEType('text/javascript;key=value');
// Prints: text
// Prints: text/javascript
// Prints: javascript
// Prints: application/javascript;key=value

For more about util.MIMEType, refer to the Node.js documentation for util.MIMEType.