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Get started with the CLI

Set up and deploy your first Worker with Wrangler, the Cloudflare Developer Platform CLI.

This guide will instruct you through setting up and deploying your first Worker.

​​ Prerequisites

  1. Sign up for a Cloudflare account.
  2. Install npm.
  3. Install Node.js.
Node.js version manager
Use a Node version manager like Volta or nvm to avoid permission issues and change Node.js versions. Wrangler, discussed later in this guide, requires a Node version of 16.17.0 or later.

​​ 1. Create a new Worker project

C3 (create-cloudflare-cli) is a command-line tool designed to help you set up and deploy new applications to Cloudflare.

Open a terminal window and run C3 to create your Worker project:

$ npm create cloudflare
$ yarn create cloudflare

This will prompt you to install the create-cloudflare package, and lead you through setup.

For this guide:

  • For the In which directory do you want to create your application? prompt, enter my-first-worker.
  • For the What type of application do you want to create? prompt, choose "Hello World" Worker.
  • For the Do you want to use TypeScript? prompt, choose No.
  • For the Do you want to use git for version control? prompt, choose Yes.
  • For the Do you want to deploy your application? prompt, choose No.

Now, you have a new project set up. Move into that project folder.

$ cd my-first-worker
What files did C3 create?

In your project directory, C3 will have generated the following:

  1. wrangler.toml: Your Wrangler configuration file.
  2. index.js (in /src): A minimal 'Hello World!' Worker written in ES module syntax.
  3. package.json: A minimal Node dependencies configuration file.
  4. package-lock.json: Refer to npm documentation on package-lock.json.
  5. node_modules: Refer to npm documentation node_modules.
What if I already have a project in a git repository?

In addition to creating new projects from C3 templates, C3 also supports creating new projects from Git repositories. To create a new project from a Git repository, open your terminal and run:

$ npm create cloudflare@latest -- --template <SOURCE>

<SOURCE> may be any of the following:

  • user/repo (GitHub)
  • [email protected]:user/repo
  • user/repo/some-template (subdirectories)
  • user/repo#canary (branches)
  • user/repo#1234abcd (commit hash)
  • bitbucket:user/repo (Bitbucket)
  • gitlab:user/repo (GitLab)

At a minimum, template folders must contain the following:

  • package.json
  • wrangler.toml
  • src/ containing a worker script referenced from wrangler.toml

​​ 2. Develop with Wrangler CLI

The Workers command-line interface, Wrangler, allows you to create, test, and deploy your Workers projects. C3 will install Wrangler in projects by default.

After you have created your first Worker, run the wrangler dev command in the project directory to start a local server for developing your Worker. This will allow you to preview your Worker locally during development.

$ npx wrangler dev

If you have not used Wrangler before, it will try to open your web browser to login with your Cloudflare account.

Go to http://localhost:8787 to view your Worker.

Browser issues?
If you have issues with this step or you do not have access to a browser interface, refer to the wrangler login documentation.

​​ 3. Write code

With your new project generated and running, you can begin to write and edit your code.

Find the src/index.js file. index.js will be populated with the code below:

Original index.js
export default {
async fetch(request, env, ctx) {
return new Response("Hello World!");
Code explanation

This code block consists of a few different parts.

Updated index.js
export default {
async fetch(request, env, ctx) {
return new Response("Hello World!");

export default is JavaScript syntax required for defining JavaScript modules. Your Worker has to have a default export of an object, with properties corresponding to the events your Worker should handle.

export default {
async fetch(request, env, ctx) {
return new Response("Hello World!");

This fetch() handler will be called when your Worker receives an HTTP request. You can define additional event handlers in the exported object to respond to different types of events. For example, add a scheduled() handler to respond to Worker invocations via a Cron Trigger.

Additionally, the fetch handler will always be passed three parameters: request, env and context.

export default {
async fetch(request, env, ctx) {
return new Response("Hello World!");

The Workers runtime expects fetch handlers to return a Response object or a Promise which resolves with a Response object. In this example, you will return a new Response with the string "Hello World!".

Replace the content in your current index.js file with the content below, which changes the text output.

export default {
async fetch(request, env, ctx) {
return new Response("Hello Worker!");

Then, save the file and reload the page. Your Worker’s output will have changed to the new text.

No visible changes?

If the output for your Worker does not change, make sure that:

  1. You saved the changes to index.js.
  2. You have wrangler dev running.
  3. You reloaded your browser.

​​ 4. Deploy your project

Deploy your Worker via Wrangler to a * subdomain or a Custom Domain.

$ npx wrangler deploy

If you have not configured any subdomain or domain, Wrangler will prompt you during the publish process to set one up.

Preview your Worker at <YOUR_WORKER>.<YOUR_SUBDOMAIN>

Encountering errors?
When pushing to your * subdomain for the first time, you may see 523 errors while DNS is propagating. These errors should resolve themselves after a minute or so.

​​ Next steps

To do more: