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Connect from WARP to a private network on Cloudflare using Argo Tunnel

You can use Argo Tunnel to connect applications and services to Cloudflare's network. Argo Tunnel relies on a piece of software, cloudflared, to create those connections.

You can create and configure Argo Tunnel connections to support multiple HTTP origins or multiple protocols simultaneously. You can also use Argo Tunnel to connect any service that relies on a TCP-based protocol to Cloudflare's network. Users in your organization can then reach the service by enrolling into your organization's Cloudflare for Teams account and using the WARP agent.

Once enrolled, user endpoints will be able to connect to private RFC 1918 IP space and other ranges that you control. Applications running on those endpoints will be able to reach those private IPs as well in a private network model. Coming soon, administrators will be able to build Zero Trust rules to determine who within your organization can reach those IPs.

🗺️ This tutorial covers how to:

  • Start a secure, outbound-only, connection from a machine to Cloudflare
  • Assign the machine an IP that can consist of an RFC 1918 IP address or range
  • Connect to that private IP space from an enrolled WARP agent without client-side configuration changes
  • Connect using any TCP-based protocol

⏲️ Time to complete:

45 minutes

Install cloudflared

Start by downloading and installing the Argo Tunnel daemon, cloudflared. On Mac, you can do so by running the following brew command. If you do not have Homebrew, follow the documentation to install it.

$ brew install cloudflare/cloudflare/cloudflared

Once installed, run the following command in your Terminal to authenticate this instance of cloudflared into your Cloudflare account.

$ cloudflared login

The command will launch a browser window and prompt you to login with your Cloudflare account. Choose a website that you have added into your account. This will authenticate your instance of cloudflared to your Cloudflare account; you will be able to create a Tunnel for any site, not just the site selected.

Choose Site

Once you click one of the sites in your account, Cloudflare will download a certificate file, called cert.pem to authenticate this instance of cloudflared. The cert.pem file uses a certificate to authenticate your instance of cloudflared and includes an API key for your account to perform actions like DNS record changes.

You can now use cloudflared to control Argo Tunnel connections in your Cloudflare account.

Download Cert

Create a Tunnel

You can now create an Argo Tunnel that will connect cloudflared to Cloudflare's edge.

Begin by creating an Argo Tunnel with an associated name. This example uses the name grafana.

cloudflared tunnel create grafana

Create Tunnel

You can confirm the ID of the Tunnel by running the following command.

cloudflared tunnel list

List Tunnel

Next, you will need to create a route. Routes map a Tunnel ID to a CIDR range that you specify. You can use private IP space specified by RFC 1918 or other routes. The private IP space specified should match the private IP space of your subnet or environment where Argo Tunnel will send connections.

This example tells Argo Tunnel that, for users in this organization, connections to should be served by this Tunnel. For the purposes of this tutorial, Grafana is running in a Digital Ocean environment where a virtual interface has been applied that will send traffic bound for localhost to

cloudflared tunnel route ip add 8e343b13-a087-48ea-825f-9783931ff2a5

Route Add

Similar to the list command, you can confirm the routes enrolled with the following command.

cloudflared tunnel route ip show

IP List

Configure and run the Tunnel

Next, create a configuration file for the Tunnel. The following template contains the required fields but can be further modified as needed.

tunnel: 8e343b13-a087-48ea-825f-9783931ff2a5credentials-file: /root/.cloudflared/8e343b13-a087-48ea-825f-9783931ff2a5.jsonwarp-routing:  enabled: true

You can now run the Tunnel. The command below will connect this instance of cloudflared to Cloudflare's network. Traffic inside of your organization, from enrolled WARP agents, will be sent to this instance when the destination is this private IP range.

cloudflared tunnel run grafana

This example runs it from the command-line but we recommend running cloudflared as a service for long-lived connections.

Config File

Route private IP ranges through WARP

Users can reach this private service by logging into their Cloudflare for Teams account and the WARP agent.

By default, Cloudflare WARP excludes traffic bound for RFC 1918 space and certain other routes as part of its Split Tunnel feature. To use this feature the IPs that you specified for your Tunnel must be included which will send traffic for those destinations through the WARP agent and to the Tunnel.

Navigate to the Policies page of the Gateway section in the Cloudflare for Teams dashboard. Click the Settings tab. The IP ranges listed are those that Cloudflare excludes by default. Choose the range being used for this private connection and delete it.

Split Tunnel

Connect via WARP

Users can now connect over this private network by enrolling their devices into the WARP agent in the same account as the Argo Tunnel configuration. They must use the Gateway with WARP mode. A specific tutorial for enrollment is also available.

Once enrolled, they will be able to connect to the private IPs configured for HTTP traffic in this example or arbitrary TCP traffic.

Private IP