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Create rate limiting rules in the dashboard

Create rate limiting rules in Security > WAF > Rate limiting rules.

​​ Create a rate limiting rule

To create a new rate limiting rule:

  1. Log in to the Cloudflare dashboard, and select your account and website.

  2. Navigate to Security > WAF > Rate limiting rules.

  3. Click Create rate limiting rule.

  4. In the page that displays, enter a descriptive name for the rule in Rule name.

    The Create rate limiting rule page in the Cloudflare dashboard

  5. Under If incoming requests match, use the Field drop-down list to choose an HTTP property. For each request, the value of the property you choose for Field is compared to the value you specify for Value using the operator selected in Operator.

  6. Select the rule action from the Choose action drop-down list. For example, selecting Block tells Cloudflare to refuse requests in the conditions you specified when the request limit is reached.

  7. (Optional) If you selected the Block action, you can configure a custom response for requests exceeding the configured rate limit.

  8. Under For, select the mitigation timeout in Duration. This is the time period during which Cloudflare applies the select action once the rate is reached.

  9. Under When rate exceeds, define the maximum number of requests and the time period to consider when determining the rate.

  10. Under With the same, add one or more characteristics that will define the request counters for rate limiting purposes. Each value combination will have its own counter to determine the rate. Refer to Determining the rate for more information.

  11. (Optional) Under Counter, enable Use custom counting expression to define an expression that specifies the conditions for incrementing the rate counter. By default, the counting expression is the same as the rule expression. The counting expression can include response fields.

  12. (Optional) Under Cache status, disable Also apply rate limiting to cached assets to consider only the requests that reach the origin when determining the rate.

  13. To save and deploy your rule, click Deploy. If you are not ready to deploy your rule, click Save as Draft.

​​ Configuring a custom response for blocked requests

When you select the Block action in a rate limiting rule you can optionally define a custom response for requests exceeding the configured rate limit.

The custom response has three settings:

  • Response type: Choose a content type or the default rate limiting response from the list. The available custom response types are the following:

    Dashboard value API value
    Custom HTML "text/html"
    Custom Text "text/plain"
    Custom JSON "application/json"
    Custom XML "text/xml"
  • Response code: Choose an HTTP status code for the response, in the range 400-499. The default response code is 429.

  • Response body: The body of the response. Configure a valid body according to the response type you selected.