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Migrating from Workers Sites to Pages

In this tutorial, you will learn how to migrate an existing Cloudflare Workers Sites application to Cloudflare Pages.

As a prerequisite, you should have a Cloudflare Workers Sites project, created with Wrangler.

Cloudflare Pages provides built-in defaults for every aspect of serving your site. You can port custom behavior in your Worker — such as custom caching logic — to your Cloudflare Pages project using Functions. This enables an easy-to-use, file-based routing system. You can also migrate your custom headers and redirects to Pages.

You may already have a reasonably complex Worker and/or it would be tedious to splice it up into Pages’ file-based routing system. For these cases, Pages offers developers the ability to define a _worker.js file in the output directory of your Pages project.

By migrating to Cloudflare Pages, you will be able to access features like preview deployments and automatic branch deploys with no extra configuration needed.

​​ Remove unnecessary code

Workers Sites projects consist of the following pieces:

  1. An application built with a static site tool or a static collection of HTML, CSS and JavaScript files.
  2. If using a static site tool, a build directory (called bucket in wrangler.toml) where the static project builds your HTML, CSS, and JavaScript files.
  3. A Worker application for serving that build directory. For most projects, this is likely to be the workers-site directory.

When moving to Cloudflare Pages, remove the Workers application and any associated wrangler.toml configuration files or build output. Instead, note and record your build command (if you have one), and the bucket field, or build directory, from the wrangler.toml file in your project’s directory.

​​ Migrate headers and redirects

You can migrate your redirects to Pages, by creating a _redirects file in your output directory. Pages currently offers limited support for advanced redirects. More support will be added in the future. For a list of support types, refer to the Redirects documentation.

In addition to a _redirects file, Cloudflare also offers Bulk Redirects, which handles redirects that surpasses the 2,100 redirect rules limit set by Pages.

Your custom headers can also be moved into a _headers file in your output directory. It is important to note that custom headers defined in the _headers file are not currently applied to responses from Functions, even if the Function route matches the URL pattern. To learn more about handling headers, refer to Headers.

​​ Create a new Pages project

​​ Connect to your git provider

After you have recorded your build command and build directory in a separate location, remove everything else from your application, and push the new version of your project up to your git provider. Follow the Get started guide to add your project to Cloudflare Pages, using the build command and build directory that you saved earlier.

If you choose to use a custom domain for your Pages project, you can set it to the same custom domain as your currently deployed Workers application. Follow the steps for adding a custom domain to your Pages project.

​​ Using Direct Upload

If your Workers site has its custom build settings, you can bring your prebuilt assets to Pages with Direct Upload. In addition, you can serve your website’s assets right to the Cloudflare global network by either using the Wrangler CLI or the drag and drop option.

These options allow you to create and name a new project from the CLI or dashboard. After your project deployment is complete, you can set the custom domain by following the adding a custom domain steps to your Pages project.

​​ Cleaning up your old application and assigning the domain

After you have deployed your Pages application, to delete your Worker:

  1. Log in to the Cloudflare dashboard and select your account.
  2. Go to Workers & Pages and in Overview, select your Worker.
  3. Go to Manage service > Delete.

With your Workers application removed, requests will go to your Pages application. You have successfully migrated your Workers Sites project to Cloudflare Pages by completing this guide.