Troubleshooting Keyless SSL
Check the logs
To check logs, use a command similar to the following.
sudo journalctl -f -u gokeyless
sudo tail -f /var/log/gokeyless.log
Enable debug logging
To enable debug logging, use a command similar to the following.
$ cd /etc/keyless$ sudo -u keyless gokeyless --loglevel 0
Browsers are seeing a TLS connection failure after trying to connect
- Make sure your key server is accessible from outside your network (tcp/2407).
- Provide a packet capture:
$ sudo tcpdump -nni <interface> -s 0 -w keyless-$(date +%s).pcap port 2407
Clients are connecting, but immediately aborting
If you run
gokeyless with debug logging enabled, and you see logs like this:
[DEBUG] connection 188.8.131.52:37490: reading half closed by client[DEBUG] connection 184.108.40.206:37490: server closing connection[DEBUG] connection 220.127.116.11:37490 removed[DEBUG] spawning new connection: 18.104.22.168:37862[DEBUG] connection 22.214.171.124:37862: reading half closed by client[DEBUG] connection 126.96.36.199:37862: server closing connection[DEBUG] connection 188.8.131.52:37862 removed
These logs likely indicate that the key server is not using an appropriate server or pem file and the client is aborting the connection after the certificate exchange. The certificate must be signed by the keyless CA and the SANs must include the hostname of the keyless server. Here is a valid example for a keyless server located at
11aa40b4a5db06d4889e48e2f.example.com (note the Subject Alternative Name and Authority Key Identifier):
$ openssl x509 -in server.pem -noout -text -certopt no_subject,no_header,no_version,no_serial,no_signame,no_validity,no_subject,no_issuer,no_pubkey,no_sigdump,no_aux | sed -e 's/^ //'X509v3 extensions:X509v3 Key Usage: criticalDigital Signature, Key EnciphermentX509v3 Extended Key Usage:TLS Web Server AuthenticationX509v3 Basic Constraints: criticalCA:FALSEX509v3 Subject Key Identifier:DD:24:97:F1:A9:F1:4C:73:D9:1B:44:EC:A1:C3:10:E9:F0:41:98:BBX509v3 Authority Key Identifier:keyid:29:CE:8F:F1:9D:4C:BA:DE:55:78:D7:A6:29:E9:C5:FD:1D:9D:21:48X509v3 Subject Alternative Name:DNS:11aa40b4a5db06d4889e48e2f.example.comX509v3 CRL Distribution Points:Full Name:URI:http://ca.cfdata.org/api/v1/crl/key_server
The gokeyless binary cannot load the CA file
Ensure permissions are correct on all keys and certificates installed on the server.
Keyless is affecting to unanticipated hosts
You will need to either provide a certificate for only those hosts or change the priority of the certificate in the SSL/TLS app of your Cloudflare dashboard.
Key servers on Windows
We currently only provide packages for the supported GNU/Linux distributions as per https://pkg.cloudflare.com/.
However, the key server is open source so you may attempt to build and deploy a binary, but running on Windows is not a supported configuration so you may experience problems that we will not be able to help with.
Contact your account team or Cloudflare Support.