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Applying watermarks

You can add watermarks to videos uploaded using the Stream API.

To add watermarks to your videos, first create a watermark profile. A watermark profile describes the image you would like to be used as a watermark and the position of that image. Once you have a watermark profile, you can use it as an option when uploading videos.

Quick start

Watermark profile has many customizable options. However, the default parameters generally work for most cases. Please see "Profiles" below for more details.

Step 1: Create a profile

curl -X POST -H 'Authorization: Bearer $TOKEN' \-F file=@/Users/rchen/cloudflare.png \https://api.cloudflare.com/client/v4/accounts/$ACCOUNT/stream/watermarks

Step 2: Specify the profile UID at upload

tus-upload --chunk-size 5242880 \--header Authentication 'Bearer $TOKEN' \--metadata watermark $WATERMARKUID \/Users/rchen/cat.mp4 https://api.cloudflare.com/client/v4/accounts/$ACCOUNT/stream

Step 3: Done

Watermarked Video

Profiles

To create, list, delete, or get information about the profile, you will need your Cloudflare API token.

Optional parameters

  • name string default: empty string

    • A short description for the profile. For example, "marketing videos."
  • opacity float default: 1.0

    • Translucency of the watermark. 0.0 means completely transparent, and 1.0 means completely opaque. Note that if the watermark is already semi-transparent, setting this to 1.0 will not make it completely opaque.
  • padding float default: 0.05

    • Whitespace between the adjacent edges (determined by position) of the video and the watermark. 0.0 means no padding, and 1.0 means padded full video width or length.

    • Stream will make sure that the watermark will be at about the same position across videos with different dimensions.

  • scale float default: 0.15

    • The size of the watermark relative to the overall size of the video. This parameter will adapt to horizontal and vertical videos automatically. 0.0 means no scaling (use the size of the watermark as-is), and 1.0 fills the entire video.

    • The algorithm will make sure that the watermark will look about the same size across videos with different dimensions.

  • position string (enum) default: "upperRight"

    • Location of the watermark. Valid positions are: upperRight, upperLeft, lowerLeft, lowerRight, and center.

Creating a Watermark profile

Use Case 1: Upload a local image file directly

To upload the image directly, please send a POST request using multipart/form-data as the content-type and specify the file under the file key. All other fields are optional.

curl -X POST -H "Authorization: Bearer $TOKEN" \-F file=@{path-to-image-locally} \-F name='marketing videos' \-F opacity=1.0 \-F padding=0.05 \-F scale=0.15 \-F position=upperRight \https://api.cloudflare.com/client/v4/accounts/$ACCOUNT/stream/watermarks

Use Case 2: Pass a URL to an image

To specify a URL for upload, please send a POST request using application/json as the content-type and specify the file location using the url key. All other fields are optional.

curl -X POST -H "Authorization: Bearer $TOKEN" \-H 'Content-Type: application/json' \-d '{  "url": "{url-to-image}",  "name": "marketing videos",  "opacity": 1.0,  "padding": 0.05,  "scale": 0.15,  "position": "upperRight"}' \https://api.cloudflare.com/client/v4/accounts/$ACCOUNT/stream/watermarks

Example response to creating a watermark profile

{  "result": {    "uid": "d6373709b7681caa6c48ef2d8c73690d",    "size": 11248,    "height": 240,    "width": 720,    "created": "2020-07-29T00:16:55.719265Z",    "downloadedFrom": null,    "name": "marketing videos",    "opacity": 1.0,    "padding": 0.05,    "scale": 0.15,    "position": "upperRight"  },  "success": true,  "errors": [],  "messages": []}

downloadedFrom will be populated if the profile was created via downloading from URL.

Using a watermark profile on a video

Once you created a watermark profile, you can now use the profile at upload time for watermarking videos.

Simple uploads

Unfortunately, Stream does not currently support specifying watermark profile at upload time for Simple Uploads.

curl -X POST -H "Authorization: Bearer $TOKEN" \-H 'Content-Type: application/json' \-d '{  "url": "{url-to-video}",  "watermark": {    "uid": "$WATERMARKUID"  }}' \https://api.cloudflare.com/client/v4/accounts/$ACCOUNT/stream/copy
{  "result": {    "uid": "8d3a5b80e7437047a0fb2761e0f7a645",    "thumbnail": "https://videodelivery.net/8d3a5b80e7437047a0fb2761e0f7a645/thumbnails/thumbnail.jpg",
    "playback": {      "hls": "https://videodelivery.net/8d3a5b80e7437047a0fb2761e0f7a645/manifest/video.m3u8",      "dash": "https://videodelivery.net/8d3a5b80e7437047a0fb2761e0f7a645/manifest/video.mpd"    },    "watermark": {      "uid": "d6373709b7681caa6c48ef2d8c73690d",      "size": 11248,      "height": 240,      "width": 720,      "created": "2020-07-29T00:16:55.719265Z",      "downloadedFrom": null,      "name": "marketing videos",      "opacity": 1.0,      "padding": 0.05,      "scale": 0.15,      "position": "upperRight"    }
}

Upload video with tus

tus-upload --chunk-size 5242880 \--header Authentication 'Bearer $TOKEN' \--metadata watermark $WATERMARKUID \$PATH_TO_VIDEO https://api.cloudflare.com/client/v4/accounts/$ACCOUNT/stream

Direct creator uploads

The video uploaded with the generated unique one-time URL will be watermarked with the profile specified.

curl -X POST -H "Authorization: Bearer $TOKEN" \-H 'Content-Type: application/json' \-d '{  "maxDurationSeconds": 3600,  "watermark": {    "uid": "$WATERMARKUID"  }}' \https://api.cloudflare.com/client/v4/accounts/$ACCOUNT/stream/direct_upload

Example response to direct user uploads

{  "result": {    "uploadURL": "https://upload.videodelivery.net/c32d98dd671e4046a33183cd5b93682b",    "uid": "c32d98dd671e4046a33183cd5b93682b",    "watermark": {      "uid": "d6373709b7681caa6c48ef2d8c73690d",      "size": 11248,      "height": 240,      "width": 720,      "created": "2020-07-29T00:16:55.719265Z",      "downloadedFrom": null,      "name": "marketing videos",      "opacity": 1.0,      "padding": 0.05,      "scale": 0.15,      "position": "upperRight"    }  },  "success": true,  "errors": [],  "messages": []}

watermark will be null if no watermark was specified.

Get a watermark profile

To view a watermark profile that you created:

curl -H "Authorization: Bearer $TOKEN" \https://api.cloudflare.com/client/v4/accounts/$ACCOUNT/stream/watermarks/$WATERMARKUID

Example response to get a watermark profile

{  "result": {    "uid": "d6373709b7681caa6c48ef2d8c73690d",    "size": 11248,    "height": 240,    "width": 720,    "created": "2020-07-29T00:16:55.719265Z",    "downloadedFrom": null,    "name": "marketing videos",    "opacity": 1.0,    "padding": 0.05,    "scale": 0.15,    "position": "center"  },  "success": true,  "errors": [],  "messages": []}

List watermark profiles

To list watermark profiles that you created:

curl -H "Authorization: Bearer $TOKEN" \https://api.cloudflare.com/client/v4/accounts/$ACCOUNT/stream/watermarks/

Example response to list watermark profiles

{  "result": [    {      "uid": "9de16afa676d64faaa7c6c4d5047e637",      "size": 207710,      "height": 626,      "width": 1108,      "created": "2020-07-29T00:23:35.918472Z",      "downloadedFrom": null,      "name": "marketing videos",      "opacity": 1.0,      "padding": 0.05,      "scale": 0.15,      "position": "upperLeft"    },    {      "uid": "9c50cff5ab16c4aec0bcb03c44e28119",      "size": 207710,      "height": 626,      "width": 1108,      "created": "2020-07-29T00:16:46.735377Z",      "downloadedFrom": "https://company.com/logo.png",      "name": "internal training videos",      "opacity": 1.0,      "padding": 0.05,      "scale": 0.15,      "position": "center"    }  ],  "success": true,  "errors": [],  "messages": []}

Delete a watermark profile

To delete a watermark profile that you created:

curl -X DELETE -H 'Authorization: Bearer $TOKEN' \https://api.cloudflare.com/client/v4/accounts/$ACCOUNT/stream/watermarks/$WATERMARKUID

If the operation was successful, it will return a success response:

{  "result": "",  "success": true,  "errors": [],  "messages": []}

Limitations

  • Once the watermark profile is created, you cannot change its parameters. If you need to edit your watermark profile, please delete it and create a new one.
  • Once the watermark is applied to a video, you cannot change the watermark without re-uploading the video to apply a different profile.
  • Once the watermark is applied to a video, deleting the watermark profile will not also remove the watermark from the video.
  • The maximum file size is 2MiB (2097152 bytes), and only PNG files are supported.