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Aruba EdgeConnect Enterprise

Cloudflare partners with Aruba’s EdgeConnect SD-WAN solution to provide users with an integrated solution. The EdgeConnect appliances manage subnets associated with branch offices or retail locations. Anycast tunnels are set up between the EdgeConnect appliances and Cloudflare to securely route traffic.

This tutorial describes how to configure the EdgeConnect device for both east-west (branch to branch) and north-south (Internet-bound) use cases.

​​ Prerequisites

Before setting up a connection between EdgeConnect and Cloudflare, you must have:

  • A contract that includes Magic WAN and Secure Web Gateway.
  • Received two Cloudflare endpoints (Anycast IP address).
  • Determined a private static /31 IP pair to use with each tunnel. The /31 pairs should be from a different private subnet, separate from the private subnets used behind each EdgeConnect appliance.
  • The EdgeConnect devices used in this tutorial and on v9.0.

​​ Example scenario

GRE tunnel configuration

For the purpose of this tutorial, the integration will refer to a scenario with two branch offices, each with distinct subnets.

There are 2 branch offices each with distinct subnets.

  • The east branch office has a 10.3.0.0/16 network with an EdgeConnect terminating the Anycast GRE tunnel.
  • The west branch office has a 10.30.0.0/16 network with an EdgeConnect terminating the Anycast GRE tunnel.

Table of branch subnet information

Below is an example of the east_branch deployment on the Orchestrator.

GCP East deployment configuraiton

The Deployment screenshot displays several different IP addresses and interfaces. From left to right:

  • Next Hop 10.3.0.1 - This example uses Google Cloud. This IP defines the default gateway IP for the subnet and is built into GCP.
  • IP/Mask (LAN) 10.3.0.2/24 - This defines the LAN0 interface IP of the EdgeConnect appliance.
  • IP/Mask (WAN) 10.2.0.2/24 - This defines the WAN0 interface IP of the EdgeConnect appliance.
  • Next Hop 10.2.0.1 - This example uses Google Cloud. This IP defines the default gateway IP for the subnet and is built into GCP.
IPsec tunnel configuration

For the purpose of this tutorial, the integration will refer to a scenario with two branch offices, each with distinct subnets.

The central branch office has a 10.22.0.0/24 network with an EdgeConnect terminating the Anycast IPSec tunnel.

The west branch office has a 10.77.0.0/24 network with an EdgeConnect terminating the Anycast IPSec tunnel.

IPsec tunnel values for east and west branches

Below is an example of the central_branch deployment on the Orchestrator.

Values for central branch configuration within Orchestrator

The Deployment screenshot displays several different IP addresses and interfaces. From left to right:

  • Next Hop 10.22.0.1 - This example uses Google Cloud. This IP defines the default gateway IP for the subnet and is built into GCP.
  • IP/Mask (LAN) 10.22.0.2/24 - This defines the LAN0 interface IP of the EdgeConnect appliance.
  • IP/Mask (WAN) 10.32.0.2/24 - This defines the WAN0 interface IP of the EdgeConnect appliance.
  • Next Hop 10.32.0.1 - This example uses Google Cloud. This IP defines the default gateway IP for the subnet and is built into GCP.

​​ 1. Define a common site on the Orchestrator

For all EdgeConnect devices using Cloudflare, modify the devices to put them on the same site. This disables automatic IPSec tunnel creation between the EdgeConnect devices using the same labels for the WAN interfaces in use.

This step is only required if Cloudflare is used for east-west traffic routing.

​​ 2. Configure overlay policies

We use Aruba Orchestrator’s Business Intent Overlays to create intuitive policies which automatically identify and steer application traffic to Cloudflare. Two Business Intent Overlay (BIO) policies are created in this example.

GRE tunnel configuration

Cloudflare’s tunnel health checks are ping reply packets encapsulated in GRE packets. The source IP is the Edgeconnect WAN interface used to establish a tunnel, and the destination IP is Cloudflare servers. These packets need to be sent directly from the WAN interface and not through the established tunnels.

To create the overlay policy:

  1. Create a compound application, which is a combination of all Cloudflare public IPs and ICMP packets.

Application definition screen with IP values

  1. Create a breakout Business Intent Overlay (BIO) to bypass the GRE tunnel as the first policy and use this newly created application as the match criteria.

  2. Define at least one additional overlay policy and the traffic you want to send to Cloudflare over the GRE tunnels.

The service name used to send traffic through the tunnel created in the next step is Cloudflare_GRE. The example uses Match Everything to send all other traffic through the established tunnel (both private east-west traffic & Internet bound north-south traffic through Cloudflare’s Secure Web Gateway).

Business Intent Overlay screen with breakout and CF overlays

IPsec tunnel configuration

Cloudflare’s tunnel health checks are ping reply packets encapsulated in IPsec packets. The source IP is the Edgeconnect WAN interface used to establish a tunnel, and the destination IP is Cloudflare servers. These packets need to be sent directly from the WAN interface and not through the established tunnels.

To create the overlay policy:

  1. Create a compound application, which is a combination of all Cloudflare public IPs and ICMP packets.

Application definition screen with IP values

  1. Create a breakout Business Intent Overlay (BIO) to bypass the IPsec tunnel as the first policy and use this newly created application as the match criteria.

  2. Define at least one additional overlay policy and the traffic you want to send to Cloudflare over the IPsec tunnels.

The service name used to send traffic through the tunnel created in the next step is Cloudflare_IPsec. The example uses Match Everything to send all other traffic through the established tunnel (both private east-west traffic and Internet bound north-south traffic through Cloudflare’s Secure Web Gateway).

Business Intent Overlay screen with breakout and CF overlays for IPsec

​​ 3. Create tunnels on Cloudflare and EdgeConnect

GRE tunnel configuration

Diagram of GCP, Aruba Orchestratror, and Cloudflare products

  1. Create a tunnel on the EdgeConnect using Cloudflare’s assigned public Anycast IP and the service used in the overlay policy in the previous step.
  2. Create a Virtual Tunnel Interface (VTI) using the private IP pair shared with CF GRE tunnel endpoint and the passthrough tunnel to match the newly created tunnel alias (CF_GRE_east in our example).

Modify Passthrough Tunnel screen

Edit Virtual Tunnel Interface screen

  1. Define a GRE tunnel on the Cloudflare dashboard using the EdgeConnect appliance’s public IP and the private IP pair /31 shared with the appliance.

GRE tunnels information for each branch

IPsec tunnel configuration

Diagram of GCP, Aruba Orchestratror, and Cloudflare products for IPsec tunnels

For additional information on creating IPsec tunnels, refer to API documentation for IPsec tunnels.

  • X-Auth-Email: Your Cloudflare email ID
  • X-Auth-Key: Seen in the URL (dash.cloudflare.com//….)
  • Account key: Global API token in Cloudflare dashboard
  1. Test new IPsec tunnel creation
Request
curl -X POST "https://api.cloudflare.com/client/v4/accounts/<account_id>/magic/ipsec_tunnels?validate_only=true" \
-H "X-Auth-Email: [email protected]" \
-H "X-Auth-Key: XXXXXXXXXX" \
-H "Content-Type: application/json" \
--data '{"ipsec_tunnels":[{"name":"EdgeConnect_IPSEC_1","customer_endpoint":"35.188.72.56","cloudflare_endpoint":"172.64.241.205","interface_address":"192.168.10.11/31","description":"Tunnel for EdgeConnect - GCP Central"}]}'
  1. Create a new IPsec tunnel
Request
curl -X POST "https://api.cloudflare.com/client/v4/accounts/<account_id>/magic/ipsec_tunnels" \
-H "X-Auth-Email: [email protected]" \
-H "X-Auth-Key: XXXXXXXXXX" \
-H "Content-Type: application/json" \
--data '{"ipsec_tunnels":[{"name":"EdgeConnect_IPSEC_1","customer_endpoint":"35.188.72.56","cloudflare_endpoint":"172.64.241.205","interface_address":"192.168.10.11/31","description":"Tunnel for EdgeConnect - GCP Central"}]}'
Response
{
"result": {
"ipsec_tunnels": [
{
"id": "tunnel_id",
"interface_address": "192.168.10.11/31",
"created_on": "2022-04-14T19:57:43.938376Z",
"modified_on": "2022-04-14T19:57:43.938376Z",
"name": "EdgeConnect_IPSEC_1",
"cloudflare_endpoint": "172.64.241.205",
"customer_endpoint": "35.188.72.56",
"description": "Tunnel for EdgeConnect - GCP Central",
"health_check": {
"enabled": true,
"target": "35.188.72.56",
"type": "reply"
}
}
]
},
"success": true,
"errors": [],
"messages": []
}
  1. Generate Pre Shared Key (PSK) for tunnel

Use the tunnel ID from the response in Step 2. Save the pre-shared key generated in this step as you will need it to set up tunnels on the Orchestrator.

Request
curl -X POST "https://api.cloudflare.com/client/v4/accounts/<account_id>/magic/ipsec_tunnels/e70536b11daa47e09ff046fbb9800e4f/psk_generate?validate_only=true" \
-H "X-Auth-Email: [email protected]" \
-H "X-Auth-Key: XXXXXXXXXX" \
-H "Content-Type: application/json"
Response
{
"result": {
"ipsec_id": "<ipsec_id>",
"ipsec_tunnel_id": "<tunnel_id>",
"psk": "XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX",
"psk_metadata": {
"last_generated_on": "2022-04-14T20:05:29.756514071Z"
}
},
"success": true,
"errors": [],
"messages": []
}

Create an IPSec tunnel on EdgeConnect

You can create a tunnel after the Business Intent Overlay policies have been defined. Use the correct policy or service created in the previous step. The local IP is the local WAN interface of the EdgeConnect device, and the remote IP is the Cloudflare public IP assigned as the tunnel endpoint.

Modify Passthrough Tunnel dialog with General values

Modify Passthrough Tunnel dialog with IKE values

Modify Passthrough Tunnel dialog with IPsec values

Create a Virtual Tunnel Interface (VTI) on the EdgeConnect appliance

Values for Edit VTI Interface

​​ 4. Create static routes on Cloudflare and EdgeConnect

GRE tunnel configuration
  1. Define static routes on the Cloudflare dashboard for the LAN subnet(s) attached to the EdgeConnect appliance. Use the private IP pair for the EdgeConnect tunnel endpoint.

    In the example below, the traffic to subnet 10.3.0.0/16 attached to the east_branch EdgeConnect appliance has a next hop of 10.40.8.10.

Static route information for each branch

  1. Define static routes on the Orchestrator so Cloudflare can route traffic between sites.

    In the example below, we create a route for the subnet 10.30.0.0/24 on the west_branch to be routed via the established GRE tunnel between the EdgeConnect appliance and Cloudflare.

Static route information for each branch

IPsec tunnel configuration

Static route values from Cloudflare dashboard

Static routes for central branch on EdgeConnect

Static route values from EdgeConnect for central branch

Static routes for west branch on EdgeConnect

Static route values from EdgeConnect for west branch

​​ 5. Validate traffic flow

GRE tunnel configuration

Validate Secure Web Gateway

To validate traffic flow from the local subnet through Cloudflare’s Secure Web Gateway, perform a curl as show in the example below.

Curl example for validating Secure Web Gateway

You can validate the request went through Gateway with the presence of the Cf-Team response header, or by looking at the logs in the dashboard under Logs > Gateway > HTTP.

Dashboard example for validating Secure Web Gateway

Validate east-west traffic

To validate east-west traffic flow, perform a traceroute as shown in the example.

Traceroute example for verifying east-west traffic

The example shows a client in GCP East (10.3.0.3), which can ping the private IP of a client in GCP West (10.30.0.4).

The traceroute shows the path going from the client (10.3.0.3)
→ to the GCP East lan0 IP on the EdgeConnect (10.3.0.2)
→ to the Cloudflare private GRE endpoint IP (10.4.8.11)
→ to the GCP West lan0 IP on the West EdgeConnect (10.30.0.3)
→ to the GCP West client (10.30.0.4).

This validates the east-west traffic flow through Cloudflare Magic WAN.

IPsec tunnel configuration

Validate Secure Web Gateway

To validate traffic flow from the local subnet through Cloudflare’s Secure Web Gateway, perform a cURL as shown in the example below.

cURL example for validating traffic

You can validate the request was sent through Secure Web Gateway with the presence of the Cf-Team response header or by looking at the logs in the dashboard under Logs > Gateway > HTTP.

Dashboard example for validating Secure Web Gateway

Validate east-west traffic

To validate east-west traffic flow, perform a traceroute as shown in the example.

Traceroute example for IPsec validation

The example shows a client in GCP Central (10.22.0.9), which can ping the private IP of a client in GCP West (10.77.0.10).

The traceroute shows the path going from the client (10.22.0.9)
→ to the GCP Central lan0 IP on the EdgeConnect (10.22.0.2)
→ to the Cloudflare private IPSec endpoint IP (192.168.10.11)
→ to the GCP West EdgeConnect private IPSec endpoint IP (192.168.15.10)
→ to the GCP West client (10.77.0.10).

This validates the east-west traffic flow through Cloudflare Magic WAN.

​​ 6. Cloudflare policies

At this point, the GRE or IPsec tunnels should be connected from the EdgeConnect appliances to Cloudflare’s edge, and traffic is scoped to route over the tunnels using the EdgeConnect Business Intent Overlays.

To begin filtering traffic and gathering analytics, refer to the Magic Firewall documentation to learn how to create filters for east-west inter-branch traffic and the Secure Web Gateway documentation to learn how to configure Gateway policies if you decide to send traffic from your local private subnets to the Internet through Cloudflare Gateway.