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KV bindings

KV bindings allow for communication between a Worker and a KV namespace.

Configure KV bindings in the wrangler.toml file.

​​ Reference KV from Workers

A KV namespace is a key-value database replicated to Cloudflare’s global network.

To connect to a KV namespace from within a Worker, you must define a binding that points to the namespace’s ID.

The name of your binding does not need to match the KV namespace’s name. Instead, the binding should be a valid JavaScript identifier, because the identifier will exist as a global variable within your Worker.

A KV namespace will have a name you choose (for example, My tasks), and an assigned ID (for example, 06779da6940b431db6e566b4846d64db).

To execute your Worker, define the binding.

In the following example, the binding is called TODO. In the kv_namespaces portion of your wrangler.toml file, add:

name = "worker"
# ...
kv_namespaces = [
{ binding = "TODO", id = "06779da6940b431db6e566b4846d64db" }

With this, the deployed Worker will have a TODO field in their environment object (the second parameter of the fetch() request handler). Any methods on the TODO binding will map to the KV namespace with an ID of 06779da6940b431db6e566b4846d64db – which you called My Tasks earlier.

export default {
async fetch(request, env, ctx) {
// Get the value for the "to-do:123" key
// NOTE: Relies on the `TODO` KV binding that maps to the "My Tasks" namespace.
let value = await env.TODO.get("to-do:123");
// Return the value, as is, for the Response
return new Response(value);

​​ Reference KV from Durable Objects and Workers using ES modules format

Durable Objects use ES modules format. Instead of a global variable, bindings are available as properties of the env parameter passed to the constructor.

An example might look like:

export class DurableObject {
constructor(state, env) {
this.state = state;
this.env = env;
async fetch(request) {
const valueFromKV = await this.env.NAMESPACE.get("someKey");
return new Response(valueFromKV);