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kubectl

kubectl is the Kubernetes command-line tool. Users can run commands against Kubernetes clusters using kubectl to connect to a Kubernetes cluster's API server.

You can use Cloudflare Access, in combination with Cloudflare Argo Tunnel, to connect to Kubernetes clusters and run kubectl commands without a VPN.

kubectl

Requirements

  • A Cloudflare account
  • A site active on Cloudflare
  • The cloudflared daemon installed on the host and client machines

Cloudflare Access requires you to first add a site to Cloudflare. You can use any site you have registered; the site does not need to be the same one you use for customer traffic and it does not need to match sites in your internal DNS.

Adding the site to Cloudflare requires changing your domain's authoritative DNS to point to Cloudflare's nameservers. Once configured, all requests to that hostname will be sent to Cloudflare's network first, where Access policies can be applied.

Connect the cluster to Cloudflare

1. Install the Cloudflare daemon on the host machine

The Cloudflare daemon, cloudflared, will maintain a secure, persistent, outbound-only connection from the machine to Cloudflare. Arbitrary TCP traffic will be proxied over this connection using Cloudflare Argo Tunnel.

Follow these instructions to download and install cloudflared in a location that can address the Kubernetes cluster's API server.

2. Authenticate the Cloudflare daemon

Run the following command to authenticate cloudflared into your Cloudflare account.

$ cloudflared tunnel login

cloudflared will open a browser window and prompt you to login to your Cloudflare account. If you are working on a machine that does not have a browser, or a browser window does not launch, you can copy the URL from the command-line output and visit the URL in a browser on any machine.

Once you login, Cloudflare will display the sites that you added to your account. Select the site where you will create a subdomain to represent the resource. For example, if you plan to share the service at cluster.site.com select site.com from the list.

Once selected, cloudflared will download a wildcard certificate for the site. This certificate will allow cloudflared to create a DNS record for a subdomain of the site.

3. Secure the subdomain with Cloudflare Access

Next, protect the subdomain you plan to register with a Cloudflare Access policy. Follow these instructions to build a new policy to control who can connect to the resource.

For example, if you share the cluster API server at cluster.site.com, build a policy to only allow your team members to connect to that subdomain.

4. Connect the resource to Cloudflare

cloudflared can proxy connections to nonstandard ports.

Run the following command to connect the resource to Cloudflare, replacing the cluster.site.com and tcp://kubernetes.docker.internal:6443 values with your site and port.

$ cloudflared tunnel --hostname cluster.site.com --url tcp://kubernetes.internal:6443 --socks5=true

The proxy allows your local kubectl tool to connect to cloudflared via a SOCKS5 proxy, which helps avoid issues with TLS handshakes to the cluster itself. In this model, TLS verification can still be exchanged with the kubectl API server without disabling or modifying that flow for end users.

cloudflared will confirm that the connection has been established. The process needs to be configured to stay alive and autostart. If the process is killed, end users will not be able to connect.

Connect from a client machine

1. Install the Cloudflare daemon on the client machine

Follow the same steps above to download and install cloudflared on the client desktop that will connect to the resource. cloudflared will need to be installed on each user device that will connect.

2. Connect to the resource

Run the following command to create a connection from the device to Cloudflare. Any available port can be specified.

$ cloudflared access tcp --hostname cluster.site.com --url 127.0.0.1:1234

With this service running, you can run a kubectl command and cloudflared will launch a browser window and prompt the user to authenticate with your SSO provider. Once authenticated, cloudflared will expose the connection to the client machine at the local URL specified in the command.

kubeconfig does not support proxy command configurations at this time, though the community has submitted plans to do so. In the interim, users can alias the cluster's API server to save time.

$ alias kubeone="env HTTPS_PROXY=socks5://127.0.0.1:1234 kubectl"